Calcium supplements are used to prevent or reverse osteopenia and osteoporosis. These are conditions where the bone mineral density, or BMD, is lower than normal. If osteopenia worsens, it is called osteoporosis. When the density of a bone is less than normal, or porous, the bone becomes weak and is more susceptible to breakage. Osteopenia and osteoporosis can occur at any age in both men and women, especially if there is not a balanced diet and exercise. Before taking a calcium supplement, ensure its safety with a health care provider.
Calcium citrate is a popular type of calcium supplement. Found readily over the counter, it aids in the formation and integrity of bone. This calcium comes in a pill form and effervescent tablets that dissolve in a glass of water. Effervescent tablets are a better option if you have difficulty swallowing pills. Both forms are available in any grocery store or drugstore. Calcium citrate can be taken with or without food because it does not need stomach acids to promote effective absorption.
Calcium carbonate is an over-the-counter supplement that supports healthy bones as well. This type of calcium is recommended to take with food, unlike calcium citrate. The stomach acid produced with food intake allows for needed absorption of this calcium type. It is recommended to take 500 to 600 mg calcium at one time to improve absorption. Adults age 19 to 50 need 1,000 mg a day, and people over 51 need 1,200 mg.
Calcium Lactate and Calcium Gluconate
Calcium lactate and calcium gluconate are two additional options for calcium supplementation. These supplements contain low amounts of elemental calcium combined with other sources such as salt compounds. It is important to read the nutrition labels for calcium supplements to determine the true amount of elemental calcium, which is the pure source.
Before taking calcium supplements, normal reactions and side effects should be reviewed with a health professional. There are certain medical conditions and medications that will interact with calcium. For instance, if you have a history of kidney stones, calcium supplements should be directed by your provider only. The effects of certain medications, such as blood pressure medicines, antibiotics, and antacids can change the actual effects of calcium in your body such that optimal results are not achieved.
This article on different types of calcium supplements was supplied by “Boxerjacc” from Constant Content.